This is a form of body modification used by some to express individuality and creativity. In recent years it has gained immense popularity and acceptance in Western culture, so much so that people have upped the ante and started getting more radical forms of tongue piercing. Claims of better oral sex, the fact that the piercing is hidden just enough, and a relatively quick healing process makes it a desirable form of physical adornment for many. These benefits don’t come without potential risks to your health; however, you can mitigate these by taking the steps to educate yourself. Read on to find out more about the in’s and out’s of oral modification.
Straight barbells are normally used to pierce the tongue; they range in gauge from 10 to 14. Barbells look like a straight bar with two larger rounded ends. Sizing the barbell appropriately is very important given the amount of movement exercised by the tongue; an uncomfortable piece of jewellery is the last thing you need while you’re waiting for your piercing to heal. Smartie beads as well as hollow barbells are used in order to keep the weight of the jewellery low and reduce irritation. Keeping the weight balanced proportionately is also important to lessen the risk of migration - that is, the movement of a piece of jewellery from its original location. However, migration may be a signal of the body trying to reject, or push out, the foreign object.
Part of the fun of having a piercing is the freedom to express yourself with the jewellery. The industry has developed a variety of decorative materials to satisfy creative demands, particularly because of the variety of objects that can be placed on each ends of the barbell. French ticklers are an example of one such attachment that you can easily wear because these silicone sleeves can slide right over top of a barbell bead. Jewellery such as ‘No-C-Um’s’ or acrylic tongue retainers match the colour of your tongue in case your employer prohibits oral piercing. However, these ‘no-see’ materials are often made of plastic, making them prone to cracking and discoloration, so be prepared to have replacements on hand.
The most common materials used for oral piercing are surgical stainless steel, titanium, acrylic, Blackline, Teflon, gold and wood. Keep in mind, however, that the initial piercing will need to be pierced with titanium or surgical stainless steel as the chemical characteristics make them suitable for healing wounds.
Having a tongue piercing is not limited to a particular age group. The number of people with some type of body piercing has grown and it has therefore become significantly more ‘socially acceptable’. What’s more, piercing the tongue is not gender-specific, contributing to its popularity. Tongue piercings are appealing because of their seductiveness; the sexual suggestiveness speaks for itself. For others it’s their fashionability … some may even go so far as to say that they’ve become a cultural norm for Western society. One common misconception is that if you’ve got a tongue ring, then you’re sexually ‘easy’, but this fallacy can be easily corrected by observing its now widespread existence in mainstream society.
The phrase ‘tongue ring’ is a misnomer because the tongue isn’t actually pierced with a ring, except in rarer instances, which you’ll read about below! The exact location of your piercing will largely depend on the shape of your tongue. There are a couple of issues that could eliminate your option for an oral piercing, such as overly large veins beneath the tongue, or a sizeable tongue web (the flap of skin called the ‘frenulum’ located beneath the tongue). However, if you have your heart set on getting a tongue piercing, it may be possible to get a tongue frenectomy, a procedure that cuts away part of the tissue under the tongue in order to accommodate the piercing. If this affects you, consult an oral surgeon to see if you’re a suitable candidate for this procedure.
If you’re considering a piercing to enhance your oral sex skills, the placement will vary according to your sexual inclination. It is thought that piercings closer to the tip of the tongue are useful to pleasure a female whereas a piercing deeper in the mouth will aid oral sex on a male. If your anatomy supports it, multiple piercing could also be an option. Possible alignments are: vertical (resembling a ladder going back along the tongue; cross-ways; or a combination of the two. Here’s a comprehensive list to get you on your way:
The procedure for piercing the tongue may seem intimidating to a novice. Blood vessels need to be located so the piercer can avoid them; this is done by using a light to illuminate the tongue. The tongue is then clamped and pierced with a large needle, followed immediately by the insertion of a barbell. It is critical that you find a reputable piercer who will guide you through the exact process for your particular piercing.
The most common suggestion to ease the healing process after this type of piercing is to limit the movement of the tongue. It is also conventional to drink cold beverages and suck on ice chips. Some suggest rinsing the mouth with salt water; alternatively, rinsing with Listerine for a full 30 seconds will help keep the piercing clean.
The risks associated with tongue piercing range from mild to severe, and from common to rare. Mild repercussions are: swelling of the tongue, pain, bleeding, allergic reaction, altered eating habits and impeded speech. Tongue piercing can also cause complications for ‘teeth-grinders’. Other more severe damage includes: gingival trauma, loss of taste, nerve damage (causing permanent numbness), and airway compromise if the jewellery comes loose. Rare instances include heart infections, brain abscesses, and the transmission of viral infections such as HIV, and Hepatitis B and C.
A recent study from the journal of Peridontology found that a longer barbell significantly contributes to tooth chipping, cracking, fracture and gum recession. It found that in those who have had tongue piercings for a period greater than 4 years, almost half of them had complications. Larger barbells can be used to accommodate swelling, but for the reasons explained, you should have barbells decreased in size once the swelling has reduced. Dental work is VERY expensive, so consider the outcome carefully!
Those in the medical community may not be familiar with handling oral piercings, causing potential threat if they impede a medical procedure, such as intubation. However, medical journals have been publishing more research to educate health professionals regarding oral piercings, proper jewelry removal and barbell substitutions while a patient is intubated.
As the practice of body piercing is not a regulated industry, you MUST take great care to find a piercer with a good reputation! For any type of piercing, check to see whether the piercer is a member of a reputable Association, and observe how professionally they conduct themselves. Ask who is going to do the deed, the person you are talking to, or some unseen ‘techie’ in the back of the shop. Ask for a consultation first – and make a decision at a later date when you have had time to give the whole matter proper consideration. NEVER feel pressurized into acting there and then.